Child labor entails the work that is normally done by children who fall in the age bracket of below 15 years of age, and on a full-time basis, thus, disrupting their normal studies. At the same time, the work involved here exploits the children and also destroys their mental, physical as well as social development. There are several children involved in child labor in the modern world. As per ILO, the international organization of Labor, there is an estimated 250 million children who are involved in various labor tasks in fields, plantations, down mines as well as various factories.
Children are made to work for so many reasons. First is the heightened by the poverty levels experienced in the societies today. The different structures of various economies in the world are the main reasons cultivating the increase child labor activities. Several organizations have the urge to increase their market share, hence the need for more and cheap labor in the end. Thus, some organizations are forced to turn to such cheap labor as they look to maximize their profits in the end.
Why child labor is on the rise?
The main reason for child labor is poverty, but at the same time, child labor itself leads to poverty. The reason for that is because, when one employs a kid, he/she hinders the child from fulfilling his/her full potential, hence making them lead lives of poverty in the end as they turn up being illiterate in the end (Douglas, 2007).In India, this is a very common problem among the people as several children are abducted against their wish and forced to work in factories and plantations. At the same time, the children are forced to work in farms as a result of poverty in their homes.
Globalization has been one of the main reasons for child labor as it has created a great potential for the growth of various economies in the world. The various policies in different economies to deregulate labor, coupled with the banning of trade unions and the lack of regarding for the environmental and human consequences has led to the increase in child labor activities in many developed countries.
Several organizations and individuals utilize child labor so that they get cheap labor. Children are lured with cheap things like sweets and other good things that they love, and they are taken away from their homes to work in areas that they do not even know of.